One of the topics that I receive far too many questions on is if runs are to be scored or not scored. Understanding of the requirements for scoring / not scoring runs is imperative to umpires at all levels of play. There are a few basic conditions for scoring or not scoring runs that are detailed below.
As long as the fielder is not touching the ground in dead ball
territory when he catches the ball, it is a legal catch if he holds onto the ball
and meets the definition of a catch. If the catch is not the third out and the
fielder falls down in dead ball territory, all runners are awarded one base. If
the fielder remains on his feet in dead ball territory after the catch, the
ball is alive and he may make a play.
It is not. If a throw or pitch is made after the balk call, the
ball is delayed dead. At the end of the play the balk may be enforced or not
depending on what happened. On a throw; if ALL runners advance on the play, the
balk is ignored. If not, the balk award is enforced from the time of pitch. On
a pitch; if ALL runners INCLUDING the batter, advance on the play, the balk is
ignored. Otherwise, it is no-pitch and the balk award is made from the time of
Official Baseball Rules
Runners may not advance
when an infield fly is called.
An Infield-fly is no different than any other fly ball in regard
to the runners. The only difference is that they are never forced to advance
because the batter is out whether the ball is caught or not.
The runner must always
slide when the play is close.
The runner must be out of the box AND cause interference. He is
not out simply for being outside the lane. He could be called for interference
even while in the lane. This is a judgment call.
INTERFERENCE, 6.05(k), 7.09(k) Official Baseball Rules
hands are part of a person's body. If a pitch hits the batter's hands the ball
is dead; if he swung at the pitch, a strike is called (NOT a foul). If he was
avoiding the pitch, he is awarded first base.
Rules: 2.00 PERSON,
TOUCH, STRIKE (e) and 6.05(f) Official Baseball Rules
the batter steps into the box: Under
all codes, if detected, the umpire can direct the player to switch to a legal
bat. There is no penalty.
batter is in the box but has not seen a pitch: Under NFHS and pro rules, the batter is considered to have used
the illegal bat as soon as he steps into the box.
For over a
century baseball fans have debated the question of whether a "curve ball
does in fact curve". Only rarely has there been objective scientific
testing in order to verify what is so obviously the appearance of a curve.
interest had stemmed from a phone call he received from United Aircraft's
Lauren (Deac) Lyman who over lunch with Walter Neff of United Airlines, had
discussed the question of the trajectory of a baseball.
who has a wind tunnel, called his engineers together presenting the problem as
follows: "Here we have a solid sphere, moving
rapidly in space and rotating on a vertical axis. You see? ... the object is to
elude the man with the stick". It should be noted that baseball
was a rather foreign endeavor to Mr. Sikorsky.
To hit a ball the maximum possible distance, the
trajectory off the bat should have a 35-degree angle.
A line drive travels 100 yards in 4 seconds. A fly to the
outfield travels 98 yards in 4.3 seconds.
An average head wind (10 mph) can turn a 400-foot home
run into a 370-foot routine out.
Ever since the
first recorded game, June 19, 1846 at Elysian Field in Hoboken, New Jersey, the
spirit of baseball has swept America off its feet. Although changes have
altered the sport throughout the years, the foundation upon which baseball was
built still remains the same. That foundation is the classic conflict between
the pitcher and batter. It is this conflict that continues to amaze the older
fans and attract the new ones.
George Brett of
the Kansas City Royals caused quite a stir with his Hillerich and Bradsby pine
tar bat in 1983. On July 24th, Brett hit a home run off Yankee reliever Goose
Gossage in the ninth inning to give the Royals a 5-4 lead. Because the bat had
pine tar beyond the legal limit of 18 inches, measuring from the bat handle,
the home plate umpire disallowed the round-tripper. As a matter of fact, I
recall that Brett had pine tar halfway into the Louisville Slugger trademark.
However, this decision was later reversed and the pine tar home run did count.
Kansas City ultimately defeated the Yankees, 5-4.
Weighted on deck
warm-up bats and other devices should be used with extreme caution. The five
foot on-deck circle gives the next batter an opportunity to prepare for his
turn at bat. It is located 13 feet behind home plate and 37 feet to the right
on-deck bat is shaped like a regular bottle bat. It has a red plastic coating
from the trademark to the end of the 2 5/8 barrel. This bat weighs 4 pounds 1
ounce, and is 34 inches long. It is manufactured in Lynn, Massachusetts.
In order to play
well in the game of baseball, relentless hours of practice are of the utmost
importance. To properly practice, teams should have two Fungo bats. X Bats
manufactures three models. These models are made of maple wood and used mostly
The wood Infield
Fungo is 33 or 34 inches in length with a thin handle and scaled down barrel.
This bat is designed for control, accuracy and the ability to place the ball in
all directions. Using this bat to simulate regular game conditions will give
infielders the necessary practice to react properly during games. Resembling
this Infield Fungo is X Bat's all-purpose Fungo.
Who is the Home
Run King of Professional Baseball in the USA? Prior to Barry Bonds' feat in
2001, it was Joe Bauman. In 1954 he hit 72 home runs in just 138 games. This 6
foot 5 inch, 245 pound first baseman played for the Roswell (New Mexico)
Rockets in the Class C Longhorn League.
spoke with Joe, who still lives in Roswell, for the purposes of this
article. He said that he used a Louisville Slugger, 35 inches in length
and weighing 34 ounces, a Model S-2 Vern
Stephens bat. Bauman, often called "Joltin' Joe", was 32 years old
when he hit his record breaking 72 home runs. Until then, the Minor League
record was 69 home runs, set in 1933 by Joe Hauser of the Minneapolis Millers
of the American Association. Hauser's record was tied in 1948 by Bob Crues of
the Amarillo Gold Sox.
Haney, the manager of the St. Louis Browns, said, "Hank Greenberg puts
more thought, effort and conscientiousness into his work than any other player
in the league and, to my mind, he is the best competitor in the league."
These words most accurately express the true spirit of Hank Greenberg.
Greenberg'' overwhelming statistics are the result of the combination of his
talents and his 35 inch, 34 ounce Louisville Slugger. During' overwhelming
statistics are the result of the combination of his talents and his 35 inch, 34
ounce Louisville Slugger. During Greenberg'' abbreviated career that began with
the Detroit Tigers, he had 1,628 hits, 331 home runs and a batting average of .313.
unusual bottle bat was the largest made. The barrel was 2 3/4 inches beyond the
trademark and tapered sharply to the handle. In 1919, Groh was playing for the
Cincinnati Reds. This was the year that he, along with his famous bottle bat,
finished fourth in batting in the National League. His average was .310.
in 1919, the thunder from pitcher Babe Ruth's' bat could be heard when he hit
29 home runs for the Boston Red Sox to lead the
American League. He was purchased by the New York Yankees from Boston before
the 1920 season for $125,000. Ruth, now playing the outfield, used a Louisville
Slugger Model R-43 with a medium barrel, 36 inches
in length and weighing 42 ounces. Babe Ruth, often called "Bambino",
hit 54 home runs in 1920 and 59 in 1921.
Slugger trademark on each bat led to the branding of player signatures on the
barrel of the bats. Until then, players carved their initials or in some other
way marked the knob or barrel of their bats. Baseball players using Louisville
slugger bats before the turn of the century included Willie Keeler, Hugh Duffy,
Pete Browning, John McGraw, Hugh Jennings, Honus Wagner and the Delaney
brothers, just to name a few.
"Bud" Hillerich earned a partnership in
his father's business in 1897 and the name of the company was then changed to "J.F.
Hillerich and Son". At the turn of the century, A.G. Spalding and
brothers, being in the sporting goods business, were advertising and selling
their very popular Mushroom and Gold Seal bats. Wright and Ditson were also
selling their Nap Lajole bats, featuring the new and unique double ring handle.
A.J. Reach baseball bats also added to the highly competitive business of
Come travel with me many years back
into history and let us study "The Evolution of the Baseball Bat". I
am sure that each of us at one time or another has had the urge to skip a stone
across a lake or to pitch, catch, throw or bat some type of ball. In Europe,
Nicholas Grudich played Lupka with other boys by using a five inch round
pointed stick that was set at an angle on the ground and hit with a flat bat.
From these types of activities came groups of boys playing Rounders, Flyball,
Townball and Caddy.
was a game involving twenty to thirty boys in a field attempting to catch a
ball hit by a tosser. The tosser used a four inch flit bat with a tapered
handle so his hands could grip it firmly for control and leverage. Even though
history is sketchy at this time, I believe that it is safe to say that from
this idea came the modern day baseball bat that is used in every game to thrill
fans all over the world.
The answer to
that question is "both," though past players tend to have used
heavier bats than do today's players. Baseball's "king of swat" Babe
Ruth reportedly began his hitting career using a 54 ounce (1.5 kg) hickory
bat, and is known to have used a 40oz bat in 1927 when he hit his 60 home
runs. Ty Cobb and Joe Di Maggio both played with 42oz bats
and Rogers Hornsby used a 50oz piece of lumber. George Sisler, playing for
the St. Louis Browns in the 1920's, made his bat heavier by hammering
Victrola needles into the barrel of his bat. In the 1950's
Cincinnati Reds' Ted Kluszeski hammered tenpenny nails into his bat to make
Other great hitters including
Ted Williams, Rod Carew and Stan Musial used much lighter bats: 31-33oz. Roger
Maris used a 33oz bat to hit his 61 home runs in 1961. Many players have
tried to make their bats lighter by drilling a hole in the barrel and filling
it with cork. Detroit Tigers' Norm Cash admitted to using a corked bat in
1961 when he won the batting title with a .361 average (though he slumped to
.243 the next year with the same corked bat).
Our softball bats come in 10 different models. Per ASA
rules, all softball bats are identical from the transition through the 2
1/4" barrel. The differences are in the handle thicknesses and knob
Our Model ASA 59 and Softball 59 both have thin 7/8"
handles and would be good ones to consider. The ASA Spec model has a
straight handle all the way to the knob. The Softball 59 handle tapers to the
With the new BBCOR aluminum and composite bats mandated for high school
and professional play, players are finding that high quality professional grade
wood bats are now outperforming the BBCOR bats.
BBCOR stands for "Batted Ball Coefficient of Restitution" and it
focuses on how much of a trampoline effect the barrel of a bat has on a ball.
Bat manufacturers now have to, in effect, "deaden" the trampoline
bounce that pitched balls experience when a batter makes contact. Basically,
aluminum bats will theoretically be the same as wooden bats.
Beginning in 2012, all High School baseball bats will follow in the same
way, that is, they will all need at BBCOR stamp on each
What a player now gets for his $400. is one choice of bat shape from EVERY
different manufacturer, one handle style from EVERY different manufacturer, one
handle thickness from EVERY different manufacturer, only three length choices
and one weight choice. WOW! The monopoly is dead! Players now have a say in the
equipment that suits their size, strength and game.
pleased to have you follow our new X Bats Bat Blog, featuring the latest in
news on wood baseball and softball bats, advancements in wood bat technology,
news from the pros, advice on selecting the right wood bat and many other areas
of interest to baseball and softball players of all ages.
has been making the finest professional quality wood baseball and softball bats
for discerning players of all ages since 1999. As a leader in wood bat
technology, we have made more maple bats than any other bat manufacturer in the
21st century. We have learned a lot about what performs and what
doesn’t, what holds up to use and what doesn’t, what wood and model is best for
each players’ age, size, style and level of play. We have players in the pros
that began playing with X Bats’ wood bats as youth players. We have outfitted
major collegiate softball programs with the training tools to help them be successful.
We have thousands of softball players at all ages and levels who enjoy success
from the custom fit the choices in models, sizes and weights give them. We make
bats that fit every player to enhance their performance on the field and
provide value for the investment they are making in their equipment. Remember,
the bat is the single piece of equipment in all of sports that has the greatest
impact on a player’ performance.
has just launched a new website with a revolutionary bat configurator to assist
players in customizing their X Bats. Check it out at http://www.xbats.com/xbat-configurator/
is using the off season to test new woods and new sourcing of existing woods to
increase performance and durability.
is the leading producer or youth bats with nine different models so each player
can find the fit that helps his game advance to the next level. We have just
introduced a line of Super Light Youth Maple baseball bats with weights as
light as -8. Now every player can find a wood bat that accommodates their size
and strength and level of play.
has fielded so many questions ranging from parents of young players to pros on
what bat is right for them. We will use our blog to answer questions on a wide
range of topics related to wood species, logging and log harvesting, bat billet
production, the bat production process, bat swing weights and why players
choose the bats they feel help them play their best.
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